Shumaker Manufacturing

A Legal & Industry Review

“The Legal Basics of Genetically Modified Organisms and Organic Food Regulation”

On July 1, 2016, a Vermont state law mandated labeling of food sold in Vermont that contains genetically modified ingredients. With this deadline looming, debate about the need for and content of a national GMO labeling law intensified. On July 14, 2016, the House of Representatives passed S.764 creating a framework to establish a National Bioengineered Food Standard. After it becomes effective, the law will immediately preempt the law of Vermont and all other state law “relating to the labeling or disclosure of whether food is bioengineered or was developed or produced using bioengineering.” In the context of this ongoing debate, this chapter provides an introduction to the legal basics that govern the regulation of food containing GMOs and food that does not contain GMOs, a/k/a, organic food. Continue reading

French Labour Code: Changes Made by President Macron’s Orders

On August 31, the French government unveiled five draft orders to reform the Labour Code. These draft orders, after approval from the Council of State, have been definitively adopted by the Council of Ministers on September 22, before being published in the Official Journal – and thus coming into force – on 23 September (except for the provisions that require regulatory measures).

Newsletter: Labour Code by Macron’s Orders (Source: Hoche)


“New Tax Law Allows Some to Avoid Paying Tax on the Sale of Their Business”

“The amount of gain that is excluded from tax is capped at the greater of $10 million or 10 times one’s investment. For example, a person who invests $100,000 in a qualified small business after September 27, 2010, holds that investment for over five years, and meets the other eligibility requirements will not be subject to tax on gain of up to $10 million, and a person who invests $1.5 million will not be subject to tax on gain of up to $15 million. ” Continue reading

Client Alert: CMS to Physicians: QPP Reporting 2017 “Have it Your Way”

On August 8, 2016, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (“CMS”) announced in a blog post reminiscent of a Burger King commercial that physicians and other clinicians can indeed “have it their way” when reporting for the first year of the Quality Payment Program (“QPP”).  CMS received nearly 4,000 comments to the QPP rules proposed in April.  The American Medical Association and other physician advocates urged delay in the reporting requirements while others felt a delay would unfairly penalize those who have been preparing for new reimbursement systems.  CMS also fielded questions at a Senate Finance Committee hearing in July and CMS Acting Administrator Andy Slavitt indicated at that time that CMS was open to different approaches. Continue reading